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Catherine McEwan Foundation Work has Global Reach

We are excited to let you know that a project supported by the Catherine McEwan Foundation in conjunction with the team at SOLUS UK was launched at the World Paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease meeting in Barcelona last week.
 
The Foundation has put together an app to help doctors and other health professionals to assist in amalgamating multiple pieces of information when making a diagnosis of IBD. The app helps by taking all of the information points together and then suggesting a precise IBD diagnosis of Crohn’s disease, Ulcerative Colitis or IBD unclassified. The app is called PIBD classes and is free to download for teams all over the world.
 
The application was presented to more than 500 delegates from more than 20 countries last week by Professor Richard Russell on behalf of the Foundation. Many delegates downloaded the app during the presentation and feedback during and after the world meeting has been very positive.
 
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The app was developed on the background of work published by the Porto group of ESPGHAN. We hope that this together with our previous app will continue to help teams looking after children with IBD within and far beyond the west of Scotland.

 

Well done Dr Konstantinos Gerasimidis!

We are delighted to announce that in recognition of his excellence in research and teaching of health professionals in nutrition and dietary therapy, Dr Konstantinos Gerasimidis (Kostas) has recently been promoted to Senior Lecturer in Clinical Nutrition by the University of Glasgow.

Kostas has gained funding from charities, the National Institute of Health Research, the Medical Research Council and industrial partners. He has published 45 papers, most of them exploring nutritional and dietary aspects in people with inflammatory bowel disease.

With collaborators from the University of Glasgow and NHS he has generated a cumulative income of £3.5 million to conduct research in the area of inflammatory bowel disease. Kostas is currently running a team of 9 PhD students, 4 post-doctoral researchers and two research assistants.

He is a great supporter of the Catherine McEwan Foundation and has been involved in many studies supported by money we have raised!

Well done Kostas…We are very proud of you and proud to work with you!

Here is a great picture of Kostas, looking all James Bond!

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Congrats to Russell!

We are delighted to announce that in recognition of his achievements within the field of paediatric gastroenterology especially inflammatory bowel disease Richard Russell has recently been promoted to the position of Honorary Professor by the University of Glasgow.

Richard has published more than 100 papers with most of them relating to inflammatory bowel disease. With international collaborators he was recently awarded a grant of more than 6 million Euros from the European Union to investigate new treatments for children with IBD.

He is currently the chair of the paediatric European Crohn’s and Colitis Organisation and is the lead of the children’s IBD team in the West of Scotland.
Richard and has team have worked with the Catherine McEwan Foundation closely for the past 9 years and our work together has proven to be very successful. To say we are proud of what he has achieved is an understatement.

Well done Professor Russell!
#IBDfighters

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Guest blogger Mhairi McGowan Research Fellow

An interesting look at the research work of Mhairi McGowan who was awarded the Catherine McEwan Foundation Fellowship

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Hello!

I am honoured to have been conducting researching regarding the causation of IBD on behalf of the Catherine McEwan Foundation for the past year or so. The Foundation have enabled such a great opportunity for myself and the others within the Human Nutrition department at the University of Glasgow and the department of paediatric gastroenterology at children’s hospital, who have been extremely dedicated in studying both Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis for a number of years. We are thoroughly grateful to be part of such an inspiring charity. I am therefore excited to be able to explain a little bit about the research we do and to ensure you that, because of the hard work and financial input of the Foundation, significant work is ongoing trying to understand these diseases in the hope of developing a treatment or cure.

The majority of research within our IBD research group here in the Glasgow Royal Infirmary and the new Children’s hospital is in studying the human gut microbiota, or put simply; the bugs that live within our tummy.  At first, we may think that having bacteria living inside of us is a bit scary but actually, these tiny little “germs” are extremely important to human health and every single one of us are hosts to of trillions of these bugs. They thrive within our gut, especially within the large bowel, because it provides them with warm, oxygen free surroundings and a plentiful food supply from the diet. In return, these bacteria produce lots of useful substances that help us to stay healthy. These substances, specifically called fatty acids, are used by the cells within our bowel to fight off germs and to keep us healthy. Furthermore, they control irritation (inflammation) within the gut.

However, there is a strong notion that patients with IBD do not have a good relationship with the bacteria within their tummy, causing the irritation (inflammation), Until now, it has been hard to study this area as it is extremely hard to identify the bacteria involved and to understand why they might cause such a reaction. However, recent scientific advancements have allowed researchers to make some forward movement in identifying differences between the bacteria of IBD patients and those who don’t have such diseases. Some studies have found that IBD patients have more harmful species of bacteria within their gut which may cause disease, whilst others report that both Crohn’s and Colitis patients have reduced bacterial variety compared to healthy people. Therefore it may be that patients with IBD do not have enough different good (beneficial) bacteria working to keep our guts healthy.

Part of my research was investigating the differences between the bacteria of IBD patients and healthy people. However, a larger and perhaps more important aspect was looking at ways of changing the bugs so they looked like that of a healthy person. The bacteria within our guts use fibre from our diets as food, and different types of bacteria prefer different sources of fibre. So, depending on what type of food we eat, we can selectively grow different types of bacteria. However we do not know if this is possible in Crohn’s and Colitis patients. We decided to use a special experiment to investigate what happened when we provided the gut bacteria of IBD patients’ with different types of fibre.

We investigated this in the lab rather than within patients themselves.  The system we used in the lab did however mimic the surroundings inside the body so we could get an idea of what would happen in our tummies. This is like an “out of body” bowel.

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We looked at if the bacteria make helpful substances in response to the different fibres in Crohn’s Disease patients, and Colitis patients compared to healthy people.   It was found that there was a general trend of reduced helpful substances in those who had IBD. This may help us understand the causes or better ways to treat IBD. It also showed us that those who have already received treatment for their IBD are able to change the healthy substances their bowel’s make but not as much as patients without IBD.

As patients (or relatives of patients) of IBD, I suspect you all have been told by doctors that you may need to change your diet to help IBD. Some of you will have been on Modulen, (a liquid-based diet given to children with Crohn’s Disease). I am sure that most of you who have been on this diet will report that, although you may have missed eating some of your favourite foods, you felt a whole lot better after this treatment. So we already know that diet can influence disease; however this is a complex matter. Fibre is generally thought to be healthy, and as discussed, helps to make helpful compounds in our bowels.

We have now devised a specific diet which, in theory, should have the same effect as Modulen. Alongside his PhD student, Vaios Svolos, and consultant gastroenterologists Dr Richard Hansen, Dr Richard Russell and Dr Dan Gaya. we will be comparing the effects of this diet compared to Modulen in healthy people and in animals. If the results are promising, the team may be able to successfully implement this diet in patients, which would be very exciting indeed.

Throughout my research, I have been continually inspired by the people working around me; the academic researchers, clinicians, IBD nurses and dietitians… It is clear that there is a strong team in Glasgow both on the front line looking after patients, and behind the scenes conducting the all-important IBD research. I feel assured for the patients that I have met that they are in the most capable hands, and I am proud that I have had a small part in this diligent, passionate and exciting group.

The Catherine McEwan Foundation has obviously been invaluable in streamlining the efforts of this group, from funding our research and providing the necessary, top-of the range equipment to our laboratory, to the recruitment of Lisa, the IBD nurse. For a small, local charity to be able to support this is outstanding and is a strong testament to the efforts of Derek, Jenny and all of the team.  I am extremely impressed by the youngsters who front many of the events held by the Foundation- hearing them speak about their experiences with IBD and their involvement in the charity is very humbling. And, despite everything, they do it all with a smile!

I’d like to take a chance to thank all the participants of my study, without whom this research would not be possible. It was great to talk to those who are affected by IBD and really spurred me on with my studies.

On a personal level I cannot thank the Catherine McEwan Foundation enough for allowing me this opportunity. I truly hope that the work we have conducted will help scientists and clinicians understand IBD further.

 

Guest Blog: Hazel Duncan IBD Research Dietitian

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A bit about me

Hi everyone, my name is Hazel Duncan and I am the newly appointed research dietitian working within the gastro team and based at the clinical research facility at the Queen Elizabeth University Hospital.  I have been based within the gastro team at the Royal Hospital for Children/Yorkhill for the last 5 years.  Throughout my clinical role I have lots of experience of working with families and young people with IBD and I am looking forward to putting all the information I have learnt over the last 5 years to use in a research setting and developing new treatments that we hope will help children with IBD.

A little bit about the research I have done so far

In 2013 I carried out a study supported by the Catherine McEwan Foundation looking at the role of dietary supplements in keeping children with Crohn’s disease well after a course of liquid diet.  This was published in BMC gastroenterology so other teams looking after children with IBD could learn from our experience. At the time of publication there was little research into this area but interest in this area has been sparked by this and work by others.

More recently I have looked at the experience of patients with Crohn’s disease who have long term feeding tubes (PEGs) inserted.  This work also supported by the Catherine McEwan Foundation demonstrated that the feeding tubes had a positive impact on both growth and weight of the children. This work is currently submitted for publication.

Plans for the future

My new role as a research dietitian, along with other members of the team, will be to look at a special diet which will be used on patients with Crohn’s disease to make them better. Currently we use a liquid diet for this but we plan to create a diet using solid food that will hopefully work in the same way.  There has already been preliminary research on healthy adults on this and we are keen to see whether it will help children and young people with Crohn’s Disease too.  Hopefully we will be able to tell you more about this soon.

All of this research could not be possible without the support of The Catherine McEwan Foundation

Guest blogger Isobel Mason, Nurse Consultant in Gastroenterology

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What a year it’s been! I joined the Crohn’s and Colitis UK team back in May and my time here is getting busier and busier.

I currently work as a Nurse Consultant in Gastroenterology within the NHS and have previously worked as an IBD Nurse. My role at the charity is a Service Development Manager, so my focus is on improving the number of IBD Nurses and the quality of provision. This is a hugely important area of work and, seven months on, we’re making a real impact!

Specialist IBD Nurses make such a big difference to the lives of people affected by Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis, which are the two main forms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). We know that, across the UK, at least 100,000 people with Crohn’s and Colitis don’t have access to a Specialist IBD Nurse. Not only that, but 63% of IBD services in the UK don’t have enough Specialist Nurses to meet the needs of everyone affected. This has got to change, and I’m so excited to be a part of making this change happen.

World IBD Day – e-action

The very generous funding from the Catherine McEwan Foundation has meant that Crohn’s and Colitis UK could launch a campaign for more IBD Nurses on World IBD Day (19 May). The ‘More IBD Nurses – Better Care’ campaign was my first project, and it’s been a real success.

If you haven’t already been a part of this, where have you been?! Crohn’s and Colitis UK’s supporters joined force to campaign for more IBD Nurses by sending an e-letter to the CEO of their local hospital or hospital trust. An incredible 1,300 emails were sent!

I was overwhelmed by the response, and the campaign has raised fantastic awareness. This has allowed me to start conversations in more than 20 Trusts about the IBD nursing service and its development. Five Trusts have reviewed or resubmitted business cases for IBD nursing roles as a result, and two Trusts have secured funding for posts. A further Four Trusts have accessed support from Crohn’s and Colitis UK to discuss the IBD nursing service and plan its development, which is such great news!

It’s been a really worthwhile action and shows how harnessing patient power can make such a difference. We had some brilliant quotes from patients too:

“My IBD Nurse was amazing when I was an in-patient and I would never have made it through the hardest time of my life without him!”

“When I was at my lowest, she was able to provide sensible advice and help lift my mood with her wise words. I’m not sure what would have happened to me if this service hadn’t have been there. Please, please, please never underestimate the value of IBD Nurses.”

But patients also highlighted the real need for more IBD Nurses:

“I would like to say that the support received from the current IBD Nurses is excellent given the restrictions on their time, so often I have received calls long after their normal hours of work. We really do need extra nurses.”

“Please ensure that increased funding is found NOW for our IBD Nurse to be available at least five days a week rather than the three days at present. She is an invaluable asset to the hospital, and the extra cost would be offset by the reduced use of consultants’ time in answering and dealing with patient concerns.”

The campaign is still ongoing and, if you haven’t already done so, please support it here.

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The National Audit for IBD Nurses

This email campaign hasn’t been my only project though – like I said, it’s been busier and busier! I’ve also been working on a nursing audit. Two surveys have been sent out and completed by IBD Nurse Specialists, and they’ve given us a really good national overview of the services as we work to increase numbers. I’m grateful to everyone who took the time to complete them – I think my ongoing email reminders must have helped!

The audit is now complete and we have our own National IBD Nurse database (with help from the Royal College of Nursing). We have data from all 157 hospital trust services across the UK and it’s enabled us to identify where there is a gap in provision of IBD nurses.

The success over the past seven months is thanks to every single individual who joined the IBD Nurses Campaign, and together we can continue to make a huge difference and get better care for all of those living with Crohn’s and Colitis. I’m delighted with what we’ve achieved so far, and am excited for what 2017 will bring. Happy New Year!

Foundation Supports Ground Breaking New Study

Foundation supporting new study looking at a new treatment for children with IBD

Great news!  With your help we are teaming up with other groups across Europe to take part in the VEDOKIDS study. New treatments for children with Crohn’s and Colitis don’t come along too often so it is great to be able to take part in supporting a study that will be doing this.

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Derek McEwan, Dr Richard Russell & Prof Dan Turner from Jerusalem

Vedolizumab is a new treatment used in adults with IBD from 2015 with promising results but good quality studies in children have not been done yet. We have teamed up with the European Crohn’s & Colitis Organization, the European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition plus Shaare Zedek Hospital in Jerusalem to carry out the study. The team will study how well children respond to the Vedolizumab treatment as well as measuring levels of the drug over the course of a year in 120 children from at least 16 different hospitals.

We hope this study will be able to identify children who will benefit from this treatment at an early stage and who otherwise have a limited choice of treatments for their IBD.

We will keep you up to date with the progress and thank all of our supporters for contributing to this incredible study.

Katie’s Blog

I’m Katie Leigh and I am 11 years old.  I was diagnosed with IBDU in February 2014 when I was only 8 years old.  Up until about a year before this, I was a happy, healthy child who had just started to learn to play the fiddle with a local music group, enjoyed netball, athletics and was in Primary 3 and enjoying school.

My family started noticing I was getting really pale and not eating as much as I used to and I was getting tired much more easily and more often, truth was, I was getting lots of sore tummies and was having to run to the toilet every time I ate something, just before diagnosis I was going to the toilet about 20 times per day.

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My mum had me back and forth to the GP.  They thought at first I was maybe Lactose intolerant so I had to change and monitor my diet, then they thought I may have been celiac, so I had to get bloods done which I hated, then they lost my bloods so I had to get them done again.  It was terrible!  One night my mum walked in on me to see if I was ok while I was in the toilet, there were lots and lots of blood in the pan and I was scared.  My mum took me to the local hospital and was then sent to Wishaw hospital where I met Dr Delahante for the first time.  I had to give the nurses a poo sample every time I went to the toilet, and there were lots.  Dr Delahante was pretty sure I had an Inflammatory Bowel Disease, something me or my family had never heard of but the only way to know for sure was to get scopes done.  I was discharged after a couple of days with plans for me to go to Yorkhill Hospital to get the scopes done.  I hated the bowel prep, it was disgusting and it made me sick, luckily I had kept enough down for it to clear my bowel out.  I woke up after the anaesthetic really confused, there were monitors and drips and I didn’t know what they were for. Then my life changed forever.

My mum came in to recovery to meet me, I could see she was a bit upset.  When we got back to my room the Doctor came to see us and told us that I had lost a lot of blood and was getting a blood transfusion and that part of my bowel was so badly inflamed that he couldn’t get the camera all the way through because my bowel would have ruptured but he confirmed that I did have an Inflammatory Bowel Disease and hearing the words “No Cure” terrified me.

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I thought that I was only going in for an overnight stay but I spent the next week and a half in hospital, which felt like forever.   I was started on steroids and azathioprine and I was told that I would need to get the scopes done again in a few weeks once the steroids had started to make my bowel a bit better.

I was off school for a few weeks more, I was very tired and my teacher sent me homework home so I could keep up with the children in my class.  One day I got a card through my door from my teacher and class mates, it was a get well soon card.  Did it really come this far that my class was sending me get well cards home?  I remember the day I visited the school to explain my illness to my head teacher and I took a visit to my classroom, all my friends were crying and didn’t really understand what I was going through.

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I started off on azathiprine, which only kept me well for a couple of months before having another flare, so I was put onto Methatrexate injections which I had to do every week. I hated this because the side effect made me sick and I felt sick for 2 days, Saturday and Sunday which meant I spent my full weekend in bed, but it kept me well for a year and a half until March this year were I developed Arthritis in my hip which was torture because I was very athletic and couldn’t do all the sports that I loved doing.  I couldn’t do PE, netball, cross country, athletics or go to the boxing club.

I have been for many more scopes, the latest being on my birthday this year, regular blood tests, which don’t scare me anymore and many, many more hospital stays.  I am now treated with Infliximab infusions every 8 weeks and back taking azathioprine every day, and so far (touch wood!) is keeping me well.  My inflammation markers are at the lowest that they have been since I was diagnosed and are hopefully continuing to fall and eventually I am well enough to be in remission.

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I have a new found determination to raise funds and awareness for Crohns & Colitis and our first fundraiser in August this year we raised £6300.  We hope to smash that next year!

Reeces Journey

MY JOURNEY

I’m Reece. I am sixteen years old.

When I was ten years old I was a happy and healthy child, I did all the things a ten year old boy would do.

I went out with friends on bikes, played football but my favourite hobby was Tae Kwon Do.

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I was one belt away from being a black belt, I fought all over Britain and won lots of medals.I loved it and trained three days a week. That was my whole life and I loved it!

Then my life changed forever.

My mum noticed I was getting really tired all the time and she took me to see my GP who said I was growing and that’s why I was tired and not to worry.

I was getting more and more tired and looked really pale.

I was referred to Yorkhill Hospital and seen by Mr Walker who knew right away what was going on as my mouth was all split in the corners.

I was taken to Yorkhill and went to theatre for biopsies.

Two weeks later we were phoned to come in and that’s when we were given the news that I had Crohn’s disease tracking from my mouth to my bottom.

The first few months after that was ok, not too much pain but I was always tired, doing less each day.

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I was started on Azathioprine tablets everyday but they didn’t help much.

I was struggling to go out and see my friends, I was so tired and in pain most of the time.

I went out one day to play football, I wasn’t too well but I wanted to try, all I remember was being on the pitch and then I collapsed.

I was taken to Yorkhill to find out I had an obstruction in my intestine and had to go to straight to theatre, after that day with more tests we were told my Crohn’s was very aggressive all over my body.  It was really bad.

I was started on Infliximab infusions at first they helped a bit.

I had no life by then. I had been really ill for about a year, always tired and in pain.

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I was in and out of hospital all the time, I couldn’t go to school anymore I was getting home tutored.

I knew my life was over I had to give up my Ta Kwon Do which I loved so much.  I had to also give up football I was devastated.

I was so down and low in mood.  WHY ME!

I was always a good person.

So I saved up some of my medication and was going to take it all at once.

Then I thought about my mum, dad, my wee sister and the rest of my family.

I thought for a while I have to keep fighting this horrific disease. I can’t give up now!

I was getting double infusions and after a few months I was told I was getting worse and the infusions were not working.

We were all devastated to say the least.

Everyone was so upset more bad news.

The doctors weren’t sure what was next for me with reference to treatments.

I had been in and out of theatre so many times and was spending more time in hospital than at home.

I had no life.

Then one morning my mum came in to get me up from bed, I couldn’t feel my legs and I couldn’t move.  I was taken into Yorkhill for more tests and we were given the devastating news that my spine had collapsed and was fractured in a few different places.

I will never forget that day I cried so much.

I thought I would never walk again.

The doctors had a meeting with us and told us that not only did the double infusions not help my crohns they had given me soft bones which meant they break easily.

I was in a wheelchair for months and was so ill I was getting fed through a tube and needed everything done for me.

It’s so degrading.

I was also diagnosed with peripheral neuropathy in my hands and feet with all the drugs I had been taking.

I had become very ill and none of the treatments were working and they discovered my bone marrow wasn’t working properly with all the treatments.

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It had become very dangerous.

I remember sitting in my hospital bed thinking when will this end.

I can’t do anything anymore, I have no life and I am getting worse and none of the treatments are working. OMG what can I do now is this the end?

I have never felt so scared in my life and upset.

I was devastated at this, then we had a meeting with all the doctors, and the next step was a reconstruction and ileostomy.

I was devasted with the news I wanted to die, but I know that is selfish.

Now was the time for me to get prepared for this surgery, I have had lots of surgery but this one was bigger.

So I had to get strong enough.

I went for surgery at 8am and I was told I would be in for 8 hours, everything was going well till near the end and then they cut my artery going into my heart. I started to lose a lot of blood it was touch and go but being the tough cookie I am I got through it thankfully.

Since my surgery I have felt much better, but I still have soft bones and can’t walk far. I have peripheral neuropathy in my hands and feet so there are a lot of things I can’t do.

I need to keep fighting this horrific disease and make the most of what I can do with life.

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My whole life has changed drastically but i need to keep looking at the positives and never give up. I know my life will never go back to how it was before I was ill, but I need to keep looking at the positives every day and never give up.

One day there will be a cure for this horrific disease.

 

 

IBD team june 2016

Exciting News from Dr Richard Russell

We are excited to announce news about how further funding from the Catherine McEwan Foundation is being planned to continue support for the research ongoing in Glasgow. The posts previously supported by funding are Lisa Richmond, IBD research nurse and Mhairi McGowan, who was awarded the first Catherine McEwan fellowship. There will be upcoming blogs from both Lisa and Mhairi to let you know in more detail exactly what they have been up to.

We are now planning the appointment of BOTH a research dietician and a Second Catherine McEwan fellowship to support the ongoing work we are doing on dietary treatments of IBD. We have now successfully completed our work with our new “CD treat” diet in healthy volunteers. When these new team members are on board the next stage will be then giving the “CD treat” diet to a small group of children and adults with Crohn’s disease. This is an exciting and big step forward for the team. We will of course let you know once these appointments have been made.

Thank you as always to everyone for their continued ongoing support. Our work would not be possible without you.